Frozen Shoulder


  • Frozen shoulder is when the shoulder is painful and cannot move normally because of inflammation. Alternative Names (Adhesive capsulitis)

  • Causes, incidence, and risk factors

The joint capsule of the shoulder joint has ligaments that hold the shoulder bones to each other. When the capsule becomes inflamed, the shoulder bones are unable to move freely in the joint.

  • The main symptoms are:

    •    Decreased motion of the shoulder
    •    Pain
    •    Stiffness
Frozen shoulder without any known cause starts with pain. This pain prevents you from moving your arm. The lack of movement leads to stiffness and decreased motion. Eventually you cannot perform activities such as reaching over your head.